GENEVA ACCORD, 2003
While official efforts foundered, an informal agreement was announced in December 2003 by Israeli and Palestinian figures – Yossi Beilin, one of the architects of Oslo, on the Israeli side, and former Palestinian Information Minister Yasser Abed Rabbo on the other. It reverses the concept of the Road Map, in which the growth of security and confidence precede a political agreement and puts the agreement first, which is then designed to produce security and peace. Its main compromise is that the Palestinians give up their “right of return” in exchange for almost the whole of the West Bank. Israel would give up some major settlements such as Ariel, but keep others closer to the border, with swaps of land in Israel for any taken in the West Bank. Palestinians would have the right to have their capital in East Jerusalem, though with Israeli sovereignty over the Western Wall in the Old City. The Geneva agreement has no official status.
[from Global Policy Forum, 21 May 2007]